South-western Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia.
Travel at night outside Tbilisi should be avoided. The breakaway regions of Abkhazia and south Ossetia should be strictly avoided as they remain insecure. The Georgia-Russia border is usually closed to Westerners. You should be aware of the high threat from kidnapping. Local criminal groups, weapons (various), ballistics danger areas, vehicle security, personal security, ambushes, kidnappings, bandits / corruption, gunfire / snipers, legal / illegal checkpoints, armed robberies, general travel, navigation, off road driving, building / office security, cold weather injuries, personal hygiene, sanitation / sterilisation, clothing & equipment, emergency first aid, helicopter safety, terrorism, cultures / customs, communications, emergency shelters. It is normal for most men in Georgia to carry firearms. Be vigilant against banditry and street crime.
Water in some cities / hotels is fine to drink but if in doubt use bottled water.
Largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland.
Warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast.
Avian influenza, diphtheria, hepatitis A, polio, rabies, typhoid.
Hospital: Treatment & Diagnostic Centre, 5 I Chavchavdze Ave, Tbilisi. Tel: 32-230492
Air pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals.
Care should be taken when driving at night. Many roads are badly lit and of poor quality. Driving conditions are stressful and often confusing. Most cars are poorly maintained, and the standard of driving is erratic.
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